J Extra Corpor Technol
Volume 55, Number 3, September 2023
|Page(s)||138 - 143|
|Published online||08 September 2023|
Minimal invasive extracorporeal circulation an alternative to ECMO in ventricular tachycardia ablation
Department of Cardiac Surgery, GVM Care & Research, Perfusion Service, Anthea Hospital, Via Camillo Rosalba 35/37, 70124 Bari, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 7 July 2023
Background: The advantages of mechanical assistance during ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation have not been clinically demonstrated. We propose and discuss a technique, set up by us, that makes use of minimally invasive extra-corporeal circulation (MiECC) type III associated with a venous reservoir system, which allows complete cardiac flow support and blood oxygenation as well as hemodynamic stability during long-lasting procedures. Methods: We present a retrospective case series of ten patients with valvular heart disease and unresponsive Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) who underwent VT ablation with MiECC support. The mean age of the patients was 72 ± 8 years and the left ventricular ejection fraction was 36 ± 12%. All patients underwent a clinical evaluation to identify the cause of VT unresponsiveness (e.g., ischemic heart disease). Results: A total of 140 min, the following parameters were evaluated and recorded for 140 min. Central venous pressure (CVP) was used to evaluate excess volume. During the first 5 min, the mean was 15 mmHg, with a pump flow of 1.5 L/min and a mean systemic arterial pressure of 100 mmHg while setting up the circulation support. Following drainage in a volumetric bag of 1 L of blood, CVP was reduced to a value of 5 mmHg with a flow rate of 5 L/min and a mean systemic arterial pressure of 65 mmHg. In the case of small and low-weight patients our “1 L protocol” can be modified. Conclusions: In this preliminary retrospective case series, the MiECC type III system may represent the ideal support system during VT ablation, and further studies are needed to support this preliminary report.
Key words: Minimally invasive extra-corporeal circulation (MiECC) / Ablation / Ventricular tachycardia / Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
© The Author(s), published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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