Open Access
J Extra Corpor Technol
Volume 41, Number 1, March 2009
Page(s) 20 - 27
Published online 15 March 2009
  1. Taylor RL, Borger MA, Weisel RD, et al. Cerebral microemboli during cardiopulmonary bypass: increased emboli during perfusionist intervention. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999;68:89–93. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  2. Rodriguez RA, Williams KA, Babaev A, et al. Effect of perfusionist technique on cerebral embolization during cardiopulmonary bypass. Perfusion. 2005;20:3–10. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Myers GJ. Preventing gaseous microemboli during blood sampling and drug administration: an in vitro investigation. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2007;39:192–8. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. Weitkemper HH, Oppermann B, Spilker A, et al. Gaseous microemboli and the influence of microporous membrane oxygenators. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2005;37:256–64. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Petrel M, Kseibi F, Sagebiel A, et al. Comparison of conventional extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and minimal extracorporeal circulation (MECC) with regards to microbubbles and microembolic signals. Perfusion. 2005;20:329–33. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Liebold A, Khosravi A, Westphal B, et al. Effect of closed minimized cardiopulmonary bypass on cerebral tissue oxygenation and microembolization. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006;131:268–75. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  7. Perthel M, Kseibi S, Bendisch A, et al. The dynamic bubble trap reduces microbubbles in extracorporeal circulation and high intensity transient signals in the middle cerebral artery: a case report. Perfusion. 2003;18:325–9. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  8. LaPietra A, Grossi EA, Pua BB, et al. Assisted venous drainage presents the risk of undetected air microembolism. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000;120:856–63. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. Jones TJ, Deal DD, Vernon JC, et al. How effective are cardiopulmonary bypass circuits at removing gaseous microemboli? J Extra Corpor Technol. 2002;34:34–9. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Solis RT, Scott MA, Kennedy PS, et al. Filtration of cardiotomy reservoir blood. J Extra Corpor Technol. 1976;8:69–72. [Google Scholar]
  11. Pearson DT, Watson BG, Waterhouse PS. An ultrasonic analysis of the comparative efficiency of various cardiotomy reservoirs and micro-pore blood filters. Thorax. 1978;33:352–8. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. Swanney PJ. A comparative study of five filtered cardiotomy reservoirs. J Extra Corpor Technol. 1986;18:7–11. [Google Scholar]
  13. Geiser T, Sturzeneggar M, Genewein U, et al. Mechanisms of cerebrovascular events as assessed by procoagulant activity, cerebral micro-emboli, and platelet microparticles in patients with prosthetic heart valves. Stroke. 1998;29:1770–7. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  14. Montoya P, Merz S, Bartlett R. Significant safety advantages gained with an improved pressure-regulated blood pump. J Extra Corpor Technol. 1996;28:71–8. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  15. Kuntz RA, Maurer WG. An examination of cavitation as it relates to the extra-corporeal arterial infusion model. J Extra Corpor Technol. 1982;14:345–54. [Google Scholar]
  16. Myers GJ, Legare JF. Avoiding hyperoxemia at the start of cardiopulmonary bypass while optimizing gas flow and temperature. J Extra Corpor Technol. 1999;31:145–51. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Barbut D, Hinton RB, Szatrowski TP, et al. Cerebral emboli detected during bypass surgery are associated with clamp removal. Stroke. 1994;25:2398–402. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Padayachee TS, Parsons S, Theoboldt R, et al. The detection of micro-emboli in the middle cerebral artery during cardiopulmonary bypass: a transcranial doppler ultrasound investigation using membrane and bubble oxygenators. Ann Thorac Surg. 1987;44:298–302. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  19. Stump DA, Rogers AT, Hammon JW, et al. Cerebral emboli and cognitative outcome after cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1996;10:113–9. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  20. Perthel M, Kseibi S, Bendisch A, et al. Use of a dynamic bubble trap in the arterial line reduces microbubbles during cardiopulmonary bypass and microembolic signals in the middle cerebral artery. Perfusion. 2005;20:151–6. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  21. Padayachee TS, Parsons S, Theoboldt R, et al. The effect of arterial filtration on reduction of gaseous microemboli in the middle cerebral artery during cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 1988;45:647–9. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  22. Mitchell SJ, Wilcox T, Gorman DF. Bubble generation and venous air filtration by hard shell venous reservoirs: a comparative study. Perfusion. 1997;12:323–33. [Google Scholar]
  23. Beckley PD, Shinko PD, Sites JP. A comparison of gaseous emboli release in five membrane oxygenators. Perfusion. 1997;12:133–41. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  24. Schoenburg M, Urbanek P, Erhardt G, et al. Significant reduction of air microbubbles with the dynamic bubble trap during cardiopulmonary bypass. Perfusion. 2001;16:19–25. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  25. Eitschberger S, Henseler A, Krasenbrink B, et al. Investigation on the ability of an ultrasound bubble detector to deliver size measurements of gaseous bubbles in fluid lines by using a glass bead model. ASAIO J. 2001;47:18–24. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Stump DA, Vernon JC, Deal DD. A Comparison of the Hatteland CMD-10 Versus The Embolus Detection and Classification System. Key West Meeting, Key West, FL, 5, 2004. [Google Scholar]
  27. Norman MJ, Sistino JJ, Ascell JR. The effectiveness of low prime cardiopulmonary bypass circuits at removing gaseous emboli. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2004;36:336–42. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  28. James OF. The occurrence and significance of microaggregates in stored blood. Intensive Care Med. 1976;2:163–6. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  29. Muth CM, Shank ES. Gas embolism. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:476–82. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  30. Borger MA, Feindel CM. cerebral emboli during cardiopulmonary bypass: Effect of perfusionist interventions and aortic cannulas. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2002;34:29–33. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Barbut D, Lo YW, Gold JP, et al. Impact of embolization during coronary artery bypass grafting on outcome and length of stay. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997;63:998–1002. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. Barak M, Katz Y. Microbubbles: pathophysiology and clinical implications. Chest. 2005;128:2918–32. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. Ferrante A, Elghobashi S. Drag reduction by microbubbles in a spatially-developing turbulent boundary layer: Reynolds number effect. Navigator NAVO MSRC. 2006;9:5–8. [Google Scholar]
  34. Lindner JR, Song J, Jayaweera AR, et al. Microvascular rheology of Definity microbubbles after intra-arterial and intravenous administration. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2002;15:396–403. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  35. Martens S, Deitrich M, Pietrzyk R, et al. Elimination of microbubbles from the extracorporeal circuit: dynamic bubble trap versus arterial filter. Int J Artif Organs. 2004;27:55–9. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.